By the end of the year 1996 , Zain started walking its first footsteps in Sudan. It initially planned the GSM network targeting Greater Khartoum, Jabel Awlia in the west to the southern industrial area in Mahdia and Baggier and Halfaya north and then Al-Jarif east. It was then, ten(BTS) radio stations in Phone House and Burry, were activated to cover greater Khartoum , Khartoum North and Omdurman Shambat , Mahdia and south of Khartoum in the new extension , and the General Command and Umm Haraz . The implementation of this project was carried out by a group of 15 engineers from the Radio section. The first conversation to test the network of the Sudanese mobile phone , was made at the end of November 1996 , and in beginning of the first week of January, 1997 the first GSM network was commercially launched , the thing that the British Economist magazine reported in the headlines : Success of the telecommunications industry in the Arab world . Sudan came in fourth place in northern Africa in the launch of mobile phone service after Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, while it is already more than two months ahead of Egypt. It was by the end of 1997, the service was launched to the states. Wad Madani and Port Sudan joined Sudanese telephone network after Khartoum, through the charted optical cable IAF. The year 1998 witnessed a giant leap in the development of Sudanese mobile phone network to cover Al Jaily petroleum refinery in the capital, as it covered: El Obeid, Juba , Hassahissa , Managel , Sennar , Damazin, Kosti and Gedaref , Kassala, Atbara and Shendi , Dongola , Suakin , Sinkat , Nyala and El Fasher States . The year 1999 has targeted main roads and a number of inter cities as, Kamleen , FAO and Duwaim , Um Rawaba and Rahad and Dilling , in addition to Malakal and Wau in southern Sudan. In 2016 Zain extend it service coverage to cover more than 1000 city/village by voice and data service. In Q3 2016 Zain start lunching the 4G service (LTE) over the main city in Sudan and plan to be expand to cover the rest of city/village in the coming years.
Zain ... the main Network
Since the beginning of commercial activity, Alcatel, the French, had represented the basis for the Sudanese Mobile phone company's network equipments, and then began to develop steadily, and over the years, Zain stations increased the scope of coverage and the development of the national network technologies. And then began to introduce data communication services, which requires the updating and changing the devices and equipment used.
In the end of 2003, the equipment main supplier was shifted ,from " Alcatel to Swedish Ericsson , a leading company in the field of communications worldwide At that time , the equipments used to provide a capacity of 750 thousand customers , and the company's equipment were all installed in the Telephone house in Khartoum .
To meet the increase in the number the customer's base, Zain has developed a key network to accommodate advanced services to meet the aspirations of customers and keep pace with global progress in this high technical area. In 2016, the capacity of the main network exceeded 13 million customers who enjoy the latest information technology art in the world. With the Ericsson and Huawei equipments supported with biggest ICT supplier in the world, Zain network was classified as of the most stable and efficient networks in Africa and the Middle east.
Jabra Project site
Zain equipment center in Jabra southern Khartoum is the largest and most modern of its kind in the African continent, run on the latest global systems and the latest communications operational environment. The center is characterized by the possibility of direct expansion to meet growing customers base, as well as it contains the latest technical disaster resistance, in addition to the sophistication of equipping and construction.
Today, Zain uses the latest towers technology, to cover more than 1500 cities in Sudan . Zain pays much attention to the environment by using eco-friendly and intelligent towers, as they are broadcast stations compatible with the environment where there is harmony, and inconsistent with the nature and the aesthetics of the cities, as well as they consume only little energy, and do not need big generators as the case in traditional sites .They derive energy from the wind and the sun, such as those mounted on Totti island and the Corniche and Port Sudan as an example